56 Lessons From 20 Years of Online Community Buildingby Vanessa DiMauro
Ever wonder what it takes to succeed with online community strategy and operations? Here are 56 lessons learned culled from 20 years of online community building experience.
1. To succeed at online community building, your organization must be able to give members a reason to convene – online or offline.
2. Take time to validate your community strategy with prospective members. They will likely help you make important adjustments to the plan.
3. The sponsoring organization must create a balance of “gives” to members and “gets” from members – no community can be one-sided; every community is collaborative.
4. Involve stakeholders across lines of business and the organization as a whole when determining what the community must accomplish.
5. Create a vision statement that is clear, aspirational and achievable.
6. Share the vision statement within the community so members know what to expect.
7. Define your audience clearly – who the community intends to serve will dictate how you go about serving them.
8. Create a 90-day operational plan for community; revise it every 90 days.
9. The Big Idea: People come for content and stay for community.
10. Start with an emphasis on institutional content, then plan the shift to organic (user generated) content.
11. Get to know your industry influencers on and offline.
12. Engage your industry influencers early and often.
13. Bring legal into community planning before you launch.
14. Make sure your organization’s social media policy is in effect and your people are trained on what it really means.
15. Create clear KPIs for the community and socialize them well.
16. Be sure community success measures are aligned with (at least!) 1 strategic goal of the organization.
17. Don’t expect a miracle. Communities take time to grow.
18. Communities can generate revenue with the right business model in place.
19. Cost reductions can be a short-term win for a community, but long-term ROI is built on innovations, process improvements, increased customer satisfaction and R&D.
20. Know your community’s business goals before shopping for a software vendor. Otherwise you could be buying a boat when you need to cross the desert.
21. Map your business requirements to the software offering’s strengths to enable the right choices.
22. Don’t expect community software to meet your all your needs straight out of the box.
23. Know the difference between B2B online community best practices and B2C best practices — they are different. Very different.
24. Decide early which online community model you will adopt: public, gated or hybrid.
25. If your organization is not good at customer engagement, an online community won’t solve the problem. In fact, it will make your flaws more visible. To everyone.
26. Start with a beta group of friendlies before launching your community to the world.
27. Hire skilled online community managers and treat them with professional respect.
28. Don’t launch the community until you have an online community manager in place.
29. If you don’t let staff speak directly to your biggest client in the offline world, don’t let them run the community.
30. Member acquisition for an online community is not a marketing campaign.
31. Prospective community members don’t respond well to highly-graphical invitations. They think it is marketing spam.
32. Prepare a weekly or monthly newsletter – it will drive about 60% of your traffic in the first year.
33. Outreach often to members to invite them into discussions. They are unlikely to come in on their own at first.
34. Create an outreach database to log member interactions: who, when, why, what happened?
35. Use the “three bears” model for member outreach: not too much, nor too little. Just right means testing, watching and responding to member behavior, tenure and intimacy.
36. Create an editorial calendar for the community. You need to know where content is coming from and when it is going online.
37. Make sure you have low risk (e.g. polls), mid risk (comments, document sharing) and high risk (discussions, interviews) features in the community.
38. Think through the process impact of features and document workflows to ensure closed-loop cycles.
39. Members who upload a photo in the profiles area are 7X more likely to post in the future.
40. Establish a baseline for key measures before the community starts so you know when success happens.
41. Develop an “inner circle” of select members who will form the core of the community and keep it growing over time.
42. Ask your members’ opinion about topics that matter. They are smart and insightful and can help you steer the ship.
43. Integrate the community operations into the lines of business. Communities can help fuel conference attendance, support new product launches and identify early market trends.
44. Share your findings strategically. If you spot a trend or a customer dissatisfaction issue brewing, let the business know.
45. Keep your executives informed on community successes as well as challenges.
46. Make every-day heroes out of your members – let them tell their story.
47. Don’t use a community to sell to members. They will be disappointed and will stop participating.
48. Measure what matters. Your community will become what you measure — plan accordingly.
49. Give your online community a “health check” every 6-9 months to ensure you are making progress on your chosen goals.
50. When discussions are quiet, talk to yourself online. Eventually someone will empathize and join the conversation.
51. Don’t take down posts you don’t agree with. Instead, engage in the conversation with transparency.
52. Put a crisis management plan in place as well as a clear triage process. It will save you pain in the long run.
53. Use the community to do research on topics that matter to members and your company. Everybody wins.
54. Blend offline and online member engagement whenever possible.
55. Even the busiest of members will participate if they find value in the community.
56. Community is the epicenter of customer engagement. Let your members know they are heard and respected.
So many lessons, so much to learn. Good thing Leader Networks is there to help!